Postgraduate Programmes
in the Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies at the University of Birmingham

(Director: Dr Mark Cartledge)

Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies
Graduate Institute for Theology and Religion
University of Birmingham, Elmfield House, Birmingham B29 6LQ, UK

Tel 0 (44) 121 414 7512
Fax 0 (44) 121 415 8376




bulletThe University of Birmingham and the former Selly Oak Colleges have promoted the study of Pentecostalism and the Charismatic movements as global phenomena for over thirty years. Serious academic study of the movement began in Birmingham under Professor Walter J Hollenweger, world authority on Pentecostalism, Professor of Mission here from 1971-1989. The postgraduate programmes in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies, which recommenced in 1997, aim to study these multifarious movements with academic honesty, emphasising the contextual nature of Charismatic Christianity, considering the lessons such a study has for world Christianity, and enabling academic reflection on these movements. Ongoing research takes place with over 20 research students working on various aspects of the subject in the Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies.

Postgraduate Programmes in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies


The Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies offers taught and research graduate degrees, and other assistance for researchers. The Orchard Learning Resources Centre on our Selly Oak campus has unique and extensive documentation in the internationally acclaimed Harold Turner Collection, with over 27,000 documents on the subject of New Religious Movements, African Initiated Churches, Pentecostal and analogous movements worldwide. This Collection commenced at Selly Oak Colleges in 1981 as the Centre for New Religious Movements by one of the pioneers in this field, Dr Harold W Turner. Pentecostal Studies has been an integral part of the Graduate Institute for Theology and Religion at the Selly Oak campus of the University of Birmingham. A computerised bibliographic database exists with extensive references to Pentecostal and Charismatic movements all over the world, and a website provides ready information on the internet. The academic staff have published widely, particularly with reference to Africa, Asia, the Third World, and practical/ empirical theology.

The Graduate Institute for Theology and Religion

bulletThe Graduate Institute was established in 1999 to provide a context which supports and encourages research and postgraduate study across the areas of theology and world religion and their interaction historically and in the present. With around forty full-time academic staff and twenty honorary staff, the Institute offers postgraduate programmes in a wide range of subjects and with reference to all parts of the world. The Institute organizes research seminars and hosts a variety of public lectures as well as providing a social environment supporting the interaction of over 300 research students.

The programmes are supported by:

bulletA substantial computerised library, access to CD-ROM databases, the full resources of the University of Birmingham library and national inter-library loan facilities.
bulletCourses in English language, study skills and introduction to word-processing.
bulletExtensive staff research, publications, consultancies and international networks.
bulletA dedicated research room with reading space and PCs linked to the Internet.

The Research Unit is located centrally in pleasant surroundings:

bulletOn the Selly Oak Campus in a building shared by the Graduate Institute.
bulletIn a city of many ethnic and religious communities and a rich cultural life.
bulletWithin easy reach of academic resources in Oxford, Cambridge, London and Manchester.
bulletWith access to Birmingham International Airport connecting to many parts of the world.
bulletIn the centre of England with many historic and scenic sites close at hand.

STAFF 2009-10

Dr Mark J. Cartledge, BA, MPhil, PhD (University of Wales)
Senior Lecturer in Pentecostal and Charismatic Theology

Mark is a practical theologian who has worked most of his life in Christian ministry as an Anglican priest and has held both pastoral and academic roles.  He has been researching Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity for almost twenty years and has an interest in the interface of theology and Christian ministry.

Recent publications:
Some of his recent publications include: 

bullet(Editor) Speaking in Tongues: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives (Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2006)
bulletThe Gift of Speaking in Tongues: The Holy Spirit, the human spirit and the gift of holy speech (Cambridge: Grove Books Ltd, Renewal Series 19, 2005)
bulletPractical Theology: Charismatic and Empirical Perspectives (Carlisle: Paternoster, Studies in Pentecostal and Charismatic Issues, 2003)
bulletTestimony: Its Importance, Place and Potential (Cambridge: Grove Books Ltd, Renewal Series 9, 2002)
bulletCharismatic Glossolalia: An empirical theological study (Aldershot: Ashgate, New Critical Thinking in Theology and Biblical Studies, 2002)
bullet Encountering the Spirit: The Charismatic Tradition (London: Darton, Longman & Todd, Traditions of Christian Spirituality, 2006)

Currently working on:

bulletA congregational study on Pentecostalism in Birmingham.



Prof Dr Allan Anderson, Hons BTh, MTh, DTh (University of South Africa)
Professor of Global Pentecostal Studies; Director, Graduate Institute for Theology and Religion

Pentecostal history and theology, Independency

Recent publications:

bullet Spreading Fires: The Missionary Nature of Early Pentecostalism (SCM & Orbis, 2007)
bullet-- editor, with Edmond Tang, Asian and Pentecostal: the Charismatic Face of Christianity in Asia (Oxford: Regnum & Baguio City, Philippines: APTS Press, 2005)
bullet An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity (Cambridge University Press, 2004)
bulletAfrican Reformation: African Initiated Christianity in the 20th Century (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2001)
bullet Zion and Pentecost: The Spirituality and Experience of Pentecostals and Zionists/Apostolics in South Africa (Pretoria: University of South Africa Press, 2000)

Currently working on:

bulletPentecostal mission history and theologies




There are some twenty other academic staff available in the Graduate Institute. Each postgraduate research student is assigned a supervisor, a mentor, and an adviser, all of whom are available for academic and pastoral consultation.

Graduate Institute Administrative Staff

Beverley Stubbs, departmental administrator for postgraduate student affairs



The Harold Turner Collection is accessible to students, as well as large holdings of manuscripts, printed books and periodicals, as well as the documentation relating to research in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies. New items are continually being added, especially in response to the needs of research students.

These holdings are part of the modern Orchard Learning Resources Centre on the Selly Oak Campus, an integrated part of the University's information services system. The library is fully computerised and includes access to e-mail and the internet. There are also facilities for students’ word-processing needs.

Periodicals and Reference

The library takes the main periodicals and reference works in Pentecostal studies, including Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies, Journal of Pentecostal Theology, and Asia Journal for Pentecostal Studies.



The Graduate Institute works closely with the General English Programme to provide support for students whose first language is not English. Various kinds of support are offered.

Applicants whose prior academic work has not been conducted in English are expected to meet the University's English language entrance requirements: 6.0 in IELTS, 550 in TOEFL or equivalents. An intensive language course is available for potential students who need to bring their English up to the entrance requirements. Classes meet for 21 hours a week over three terms. There is additionally an annual summer school. The length of time required will depend on the student’s starting level which is assessed by the English Programme staff at the beginning of the course.

Students who have attained the entrance level of English will at the beginning of their programme be expected to have their language assessed. They are then required to attend small classes organised especially for postgraduate students, usually for three hours a week. The course concentrates on language development with assistance in self-learning skills to enable students to continue to improve their English. Guidance in structured reading and essay writing is also provided and this is continued into the second term. Structured support for continuing language improvement is also provided in connection with the preparation of dissertations and theses.

Library staff organise short courses in bibliographical search tools and methods, including use of computerised library facilities and use of various electronic search tools.

A tuition fee is charged for the pre-sessional English language programme, but all the other courses offered are free of charge.




Formal teaching takes the shape of weekly lectures, seminars and tutorials organised in three terms of eleven weeks each academic year starting towards the end of September and ending in mid-June. It is usually possible to substitute a part-time study of double the duration of the equivalent full time programme.

All programmes are subject to University of Birmingham regulations in all respects, i.e. in relation to admission requirements, programme requirements, fee regulations, and graduation requirements. Information about the fees currently applicable can be obtained from the Graduate Institute. For other academic requirements the reader should study the appropriate section in this prospectus.

Application forms are available from the University of Birmingham and from the Graduate Institute. To avoid confusion application forms should be marked clearly with the programme to be applied for. Potential applicants are advised to contact us in advance to help them to make the best decision regarding their choice of programme.

It must be clear that the language of instruction and of dissertations and theses is English. So it is important that satisfaction of English language requirements is met-many years of experience have shown that weak English is a greater source of academic difficulty than any other matter.

The programmes concentrate on post-graduate training and are described on the following pages. Whatever your interests may be, it is important that you read all sections below. The programmes form part of the postgraduate programmes offered at Selly Oak by the Graduate Institute for Theology and Religion, in the Department of Theology at the University of Birmingham. Modules are offered on a term basis, consisting of ten weeks of contact study in each of the following modules, except for the double modules, which run from September to March.

1. Taught Programmes

Postgraduate Diploma / Master of Arts (Theology) with focus on Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies

1. Structure

The Postgraduate Diploma programme is an 8-month full-time programme requiring the completion of 120 credits of assessed course work. It is also available on a part-time basis. The MA programme requires the completion of 120 credits of assessed course work plus a dissertation of 12,000 words (60 credits). This can be completed either by full-time study over 12 months or by part-time study over 24 months.

2. Purpose

The Postgraduate Diploma offers a postgraduate level programme which will provide a sound foundation in the subject, as well as both preparation for higher degree level work in the field and greater competence in the student’s professional work. The Master of Arts offers a Masters level programme which will encourage specialisation while retaining the possibility of a broad coverage of the subject and which will enable students to build on relevant first degree experience while incorporating a flexibility which takes into account both students’ previous academic work and their purposes in attending the programme.

Successful students will be familiar with the main theoretical and methodological issues of the subject and be able to engage critically with the core aspects of Pentecostal and Charismatic history and theology and their relationship with selected areas of specialisation. The module combinations will provide a solid foundation for further research work.

3. Content


Research Methods in Theological Studies (January-March)


              History of Global Pentecostalism (October-December)

              Pentecostal/Charismatic Theology in Context (October-December)

              Contemporary Theology of the Holy Spirit (January-March, alternate years)          

              Independency in Africa and Asia (January-March, alternate years)

OPTIONAL MODULES (choose one or two - other possible modules from a wide range in the Graduate Institute are not listed here)

History and Theology of Mission (September- December)

The Bible and Empire (September-December)

Models and Issues in Interreligious Relations (September-December)

Globalisation and Mission (January-March)

The optional modules available vary from year to year. The Institute has a wide range of expertise, especially in the fields of Mission Studies, Interreligious Relations, Islamic Studies, Textual Criticism and New Testament. The two modules in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies, described below,  and the Research Methods module, also form part of the requirements for the postgraduate degrees below. Each module is assessed by means of a 4,000 word essay, normally submitted at the end of the semester in December or March. Details of further optional modules can be obtained from the Graduate Institute. A thesis of 12,000 words (MA requirement only) is to be submitted on a subject of the candidate’s choice within the area of Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies.

Entry requirements into these programmes are normally a good first degree (class 2:1 or equivalent) in a relevant subject area.

4. Assessment

Most modules are assessed by one assessed essay of a maximum of 4,000 words.

2. Research degrees

Research degrees in the University of Birmingham School of Historical Studies are MPhil and PhD. It is possible to study for either of these in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies. Following standard British practice, these degrees are assessed solely by examination of a thesis, except in the case of the MPhil (B), which includes an element of course work. All research students will normally be required to attend various graduate seminars and workshops on methodology. They will be expected to present a paper on their research to the graduate seminar at least once during their study. Depending on a student’s previous academic background, attendance at other courses within the timetable is also likely to be required. Students whose first language is not English will also be required to take advantage of the language classes offered by the English for Overseas Students Unit at the University.

The MPhil (A) is primarily training in the methods of research and the presentation of research results. Here originality is not expected, but rather solid and technically proficient study and writing in a well-defined research topic is required. This involves developing familiarity with both primary and secondary source material and with the tools of bibliographical search, methods of organizing and interpreting source materials, and the techniques of presenting the research results in thesis form.

An alternative MPhil (B) in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies, which includes three taught modules (the two Pentecostal Studies modules and Research Methods in Theological Studies) and a shorter dissertation with the facility for upgrading directly to PhD after satisfactory completion of the course work. This programme is recommended for those students wanting to do any research degree in this subject.

The PhD is, of course, the most advanced level of this training. But it is still regarded as a training programme, so while the thesis is required to show evidence of original work, it does not have to be the last, authoritative contribution to the subject! What is required at this level is that the student is able to put to original use the kind of techniques and experience described in relation to the MPhil. PhD students will be required to prove their skills by written work submitted and assessed during the first year of registration.

For all of the research degrees application is made to the University of Birmingham. The particular academic requirements for applicants are described under each of the degrees below. Common to all are the English language requirements and fee regulations specified under Master of Arts above.

Following is a summary of the University regulations for the two research degrees. The full text of the regulations can be found in the University prospectus and handbook.

Applicants for a higher degree must within three months of admission submit for approval an outline of the proposed course of study and research. Each candidate will be allocated one or more supervisors who regularly report to the School on the candidate’s progress. Where the research topic requires, it is possible for some of the candidate’s time to be spent abroad, e.g. on field work, in which case it is normally necessary to appoint a local supervisor. During study for the MPhil it is possible to apply for upgrading to the PhD degree programme without first completing the MPhil. This is subject to the satisfactory work of the student, which is formally assessed in the Institute by two staff members on the basis of a draft thesis chapter of 5,000 words.

Examples of the variety of research subjects supervised in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies at this University since 1996 can be seen by clicking here.


Entrance requirements

Normally a first or upper second class honours degree or the equivalent is necessary for entry to the MPhil. The University may in certain circumstances require up to one year of preliminary course work and examination before admission to the MPhil programme.

Requirements for the degree

After a minimum of twelve months of study (two years if part-time) the candidate must submit a thesis showing competence in the relevant methods of research, clear presentation of material, and independent judgement. The thesis should not exceed 40,000 words in length, not counting appendices, notes, bibliography, etc. The examiners of the thesis may require an oral examination. The period of twelve months is a minimum, and experience suggests that 18-24 months is usually necessary.

MPhil(B) in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies

Entrance requirements

Normally a first or upper second class honours degree or the equivalent is necessary for entry to this programme.

Requirements for the degree

Candidates are required to complete work totalling 60 credits. Full-time students will complete the two modules (totalling 40 credits) of History of Global Pentecostalism, and Pentecostal/ Charismatic Theology in Context in the first three month term, plus Research Methods (20 credits). A thesis of maximum 20,000 words (120 credits) will be submitted by the end of September of the year following initial registration. Part-time students will complete the requirements over twenty-four months.

Candidates may in the middle of the last year of MPhil registration apply for upgrading to the PhD programme, following successful completion of the required courses and assessment of a draft chapter of their thesis totalling 5000 words, together with submission of a written statement on how they intend to develop their work for the PhD thesis. In this case the period of registration for MPhil will count towards the PhD registration requirement.

PhD in Theology

Entrance requirements

Applicants are expected to have obtained a first class honours degree or a suitable postgraduate degree. Candidates are usually registered initially for an MPhil programme for the first year, regarded as essential research skills training. Those initially registered for the MPhil (B) have the added advantage of orientation into this subject specialisation through limited course work. If their work is satisfactory, PhD registration will then be granted without any loss of time.

Requirements for the degree

After a period of at least three years of study (six years if part-time) the student will submit a thesis of up to 80,000 words and satisfy one internal (this university) examiner and one external (another university) examiner proficient in the subject that it contains original work of merit and is worthy of publication in full or in part. There will be an oral examination.


It is possible for foreign students to register for purely research degrees (PhD and MPhil) as split site students. Candidates interested in this option should make sure they can fulfil the requirements, found at the following University web page:


The holdings of the library and the expertise gained by staff involvement in research and consultation make a significant contribution to the resources which are available to students in both the taught and research programmes.

The research activities include both the individual research interests of staff members indicated earlier and the institutional programmes. Several successful and pioneering doctoral theses in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies have been completed in Birmingham in recent years, including studies on syncretism in Chilean Pentecostalism, a Black British Pentecostal political theology, new charismatic ministries in Ghana, African independent churches in Britain, the spirituality of Filipino Pentecostalism, contextual theology in Korean Pentecostalism, and exorcism in a Pentecostal church in Ghana. Both staff and graduates have published their work in book form. There are some twenty individual research projects taking place in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies at any one time.

The staff’s research interests have been recognised by regular invitations to take part in academic conferences in Europe and in other parts of the world. The resources of the staff and the documentation are often called upon by both private and by church agencies.

Module descriptions

The following modules are specifically related to Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies. Details of the other modules are available from the Centre for Missiology and World Christianity, and the Graduate Institute for Theology and Religion.


This module concentrates on the history and development of Pentecostal and Charismatic churches, and the essence of global Pentecostalism. This module is an historical reflection on the growth and significance of these movements with special emphasis on the Third World. It deals with the plurality and diversity of the global movements, starting from the roots in the Methodist and Holiness revivals, the influence of Wesley and Catholicism, the significance of the oral and African roots, Pentecostal historiography, Evangelical and Baptist Influences, the creation of major denominations, early divisions in the USA, expansion in Europe, global missions, types of Pentecostal movements. The module surveys Pentecostal and Charismatic movements in North America, Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia, with case studies from Chile, Korea, and South Africa. The module aims to enable both Pentecostals and non-Pentecostals alike to reflect on and interact critically with the movement, and to stimulate further research in this area. The module consists of taught lectures, directed reading and interaction within an international student body, and guidance for further reading and research.


This module examines key current theological and missiological issues relating to the global Pentecostal and Charismatic movements. Key texts from within and without these movements, both sympathetic and critical, are identified illuminating these current debates in Pentecostal studies. Particular attention will be given to the challenges presented to the church in its mission, focusing on the concepts of contextualization, inculturation, spirituality and "syncretism" as reflected in various forms of movements found in different parts of the world. The fundamental contribution made by Pentecostalism to "the reshaping of religion in the twenty-first century" (Harvey Cox) will be examined. Other issues that are studied are the Pentecostal understanding of mission and evangelism, current issues and challenges for the future, hermeneutics, the gospel and the Third World context, pneumatology, "initial evidence", "subsequence", spiritual gifts, the essence of Pentecostal theology, the concept of "realised eschatology", "prosperity", Pentecostalism and the ecumenical movement, Pentecostal scholarship, the characteristics of a Pentecostal spirituality, interaction with other religions, influence on world Christianity, Pentecostal proclamation, mass conversions, a Pentecostal theology of liberation, class, race and women’s issues, social concern, theologies of healing and "deliverance", "signs and wonders", and contextual Pentecostal theologies.


The primary intention of this module is to describe and reflect on the history and inherent spirituality of independent Christian churches (especially of a Pentecostal type). The module deals with questions of contextualization and inculturation, and challenges presented by this holistic religious consciousness are examined. It also provides a useful introduction to the study of new churches that have arisen as a result of an encounter between Christianity and autochthonous religions, of which one of the most significant movements is the African Initiated Churches (AICs), living, radical experiments of a attempt to indigenise Christianity by consciously rejecting aspects of western models of church and forms of being Christian. This module is only offered when qualified teaching staff are available.


The module will help students to understand better the formal and technical aspects of research and thesis presentation, and also to develop bibliographical techniques, explore the critical use of textual sources, and employ reliable methods of recording and presenting references and bibliographies. It will introduce them to the fundamental methodological elements of disciplines relevant to their areas of specialisation, such as theology, phenomenology and sociology of religion, history, literature, anthropology, etc. This module is supplemented by personal tuition on research methods in Pentecostal and Charismatic studies.


Anderson, Allan 2007. Spreading Fires: The Missionary Nature of Early Pentecostalism. London: SCM & Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2007

Anderson, Allan 2004. An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity. Cambridge University Press

Anderson, Allan 2001. African Reformation: African Initiated Christianity in the 20th Century. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press

Anderson, Allan & Hollenweger, Walter J. (eds.) 1999. Pentecostals after a Century: Global Perspectives on a Movement in Transition.  London & New York: Continuum/ Sheffield Academic Press

Anderson, Allan & Tang, Edmond (eds.) 2005. Asian and Pentecostal: the Charismatic Face of Christianity in Asia. Oxford: Regnum & Baguio City, Philippines: APTS Press

Anderson, Robert M 1979. Vision of the Disinherited: The making of American Pentecostalism. New York: Oxford

Blumhofer, Edith L & Balmer, Randall (eds) 1993. Modern Christian Revivals. Urbana: University of Illinois Press

Burgess, Stanley M & van der Maas, Eduard (eds.) 2003. New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements. Grand Rapids: Zondervan

Cox, Harvey 1996. Fire From Heaven: The Rise of Pentecostal Spirituality and the Reshaping of Religion in the Twenty-First Century. London: Cassell

Dayton, Donald W 1987. Theological Roots of Pentecostalism. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press

Dempster, MA, Klaus, BD & Petersen, D (eds) 1991. Called and Empowered: Global Mission in Pentecostal Perspective. Peabody: Hendrickson

Dempster, MA, Klaus, BD & Petersen, D (eds) 1999. The Globalization of Pentecostalism: A Religion Made to Travel. Oxford: Regnum

Faupel, D William 1996. The Everlasting Gospel: The Significance of Eschatology in the Development of Pentecostal Thought. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press

Hollenweger, Walter J 1972. The Pentecostals. London: SCM

Hollenweger, Walter J 1997. Pentecostalism: Origins and Developments Worldwide. Peabody: Hendrickson

Johns, Cheryl B 1993. Pentecostal Formation: A Pedagogy Among the Oppressed. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press

Jongeneel, JAB et al (eds) 1992. Pentecost, Mission and Ecumenism: Essays on Intercultural Theology. Frankfurt: Peter Lang

Land, Steven J 1993. Pentecostal Spirituality: A passion for the kingdom. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press

Martin, David 1990. Tongues of Fire: The explosion of Protestantism in Latin America. Oxford: Basil Blackwell

Martin, David 2002. Pentecostalism: The World Their Parish. Oxford: Blackwell

McClung, L Grant Jr (ed) 2006. Azusa Street and Beyond. Gainesville, FL: Bridge-Logos

Moltmann, Jürgen & Kuschel, Karl-Josef (eds) 1996. Pentecostal Movements as an Ecumenical Challenge. Conciliom 1996/3. London: SCM

Pomerville, Paul A 1985. The Third Force in Missions: A Pentecostal Contribution to Contemporary Mission Theology. Peabody: Hendrickson

Shaull, Richard & Cesar, Waldo 2000. Pentecostalism and the Future of the Christian Churches. Grand Rapids, MI & Cambridge, UK: Eerdmans

Synan, Vinson 1997. The Holiness-Pentecostal Tradition: Charismatic Movements in the Twentieth Century. Grand Rapids & Cambridge: Eerdmans

Wacker, Grant 2001. Heaven Below: Early Pentecostals and American Culture. Cambridge, MA & London, UK: Harvard University Press

Yong, Amos 2000. Discerning the Spirit/s: A Pentecostal/Charismatic Contribution to Christian Theology of Religions. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 

Yong, Amos 2005. The Spirit Poured Out On All Flesh: Pentecostalism And The Possibility Of Global Theology. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic.



Enquiries: Dr Mark Cartledge, University of Birmingham, Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies, Selly Oak Campus, Birmingham B29 6LG, United Kingdom

Tel (44) 121 414 7512 Fax (44) 121 415 8376 Email

Back to Homepage